Liposuction, commonly referred to as ‘lipo’, is a cosmetic surgery that uses a suction technique to remove excess fat and reshape the body, often performed in areas where fat is difficult to get rid of through diet or exercise.
It is one of the most common procedures across the world as liposuction helps in improving and achieving desired body contours, quickly. Liposuction removes stubborn fat from targeted areas of the body such as the hips, arms, abdomen, thighs, buttocks, neck or chin, flanks (love handles), breast, chest or back. You can also get the desired 6 pack abs or contoured look with High Definition Liposuction. The liposuction procedure is generally performed under local anaesthesia, twilight sedation or general anaesthesia. Since this is a cosmetic surgery, it works best on people who have good skin elasticity. Liposuction, a relatively safe and effective process is FDA cleared.
How to decide on liposuction?
While liposuction is a commonplace surgery today, it is nevertheless a surgical procedure that alters your physique. At Kaya, we encourage you to reflect on certain question before taking the plunge:
- Is my main goal to reduce weight by opting for this procedure
- Which problem areas do I want this surgery to be performed on
- What are my expectations in terms of outcome
- Am I ready to go through and commit to the post liposuction plan to ensure that I do not put on the lost fat
Once you have answered these questions, the next step would be to zero in on a reputed facility and good surgeon. A good liposuction facility will have top liposuction surgeons, a trained anaesthetist, nursing staff and hygienic surroundings.The best
liposuction surgeons come with a ton of experience along with a great track record.
Are you the right candidate for liposuction?
Liposuction is a very individualized procedure and should be ideally performed on problem areas that have not responded to dietary regulations and/or physical exercise.
Since it is a surgical procedure, if you plan to undergo this treatment, you must be healthy without any medical conditions or life-threatening illnesses as that can hinder your healing process. This means, if you opt for liposuction you
- Be over the age of 18
- Stay within 30% of your ideal weight
- Have firm, elastic skin and optimal muscle tone
- Stop smoking prior to the surgery and after
- Have a strong immune system
- Not have high blood pressure, heart disease, or diabetes
You surgeon will evaluate your condition and make the final decision during your consultation.
What are the different types of liposuction?
Liposuction procedures are performed using different techniques. The techniques that will be applied for each individual will be defined by the surgeon considering the following factors:
- Treatment goals
- Area of body that will be treated
- If you have had any prior experience or have undergone liposuction procedures in the past
Three different techniques that involve non-energy devices and energy devices can be employed for liposuction procedures.
Procedures involving the use of non-energy devices:
- Tumescent Liposuction – In this method, the surgeon injects a blend of anaesthetic fluids and fat dissolvers that numbs the treatment area and liquefies any stubborn fat, after which the surgeon uses a vacuum device to suction out the liquid.
- Power-assisted liposuction – This method uses the suction device (cannula) to make a back-and-forth motion when inserted underneath the skin. Here too, the fat is broken down to enable its easy removal.
- J Plasma – This method makes use of cutting-edge radio frequency energy and helium gas. The use of helium gas ensures that cold helium plasma is created which is important to reverse the effects of sagging skin. The ionized gas stimulates the production of collagen and promotes skin tightening.
Procedures involving the use of energy devices:
- Radio Frequency Assisted Liposuction (RFAL) – This procedure involves two probes that work simultaneously. One is a tiny cannula that is placed underneath the skin, and the other is an overlying probe placed on the surface of the skin. The cannula inside the skin transmits the radio frequency through to the overlying probe in continuous waves, which breaks down the fat and also tightens the skin. This option is best suited for tummy tucks, arm or thigh lifts i.e., areas with huge amount of excess skin or poor skin tone
- Laser Assisted Liposuction (LAL) – Laser devices are placed underneath the skin to help break down the fat deposits. This is then suctioned out by a small cannula and low-power vacuum device. It is also interesting to note that the use of laser energy further helps in tightening the skin, thereby providing an overall better result. This procedure is practised only when the target areas are small in size – such as chin, neck, arms and love handles.
- VASER (Vibration Amplification of Sound Energy at Resonance) Assisted Liposuction / Ultrasound Aided Liposuction (UAL) – As the name suggests, ultrasound energy is used to break down the fat cells. It is best suited for large volume abdominal liposuction or to get through tough fibro-fatty tissue.
What to expect during liposuction?
Anaesthesia will be administered (local, local with sedation or general) to reduce discomfort during the procedure.
Post which, the area will be marked off and small but precise incisions will be made to facilitate the fat removal.
The very first step is to have a thorough consultation with the liposuction surgeon. You must talk about your goals, the options, risks associated, benefits and costs.
While preparing for the lipo surgery, you will be requested to:
- Get a lab test and medical evaluation done to rule out any underlying ailments
- Take certain medications or alter current medications
- Stop smoking
Pre-care also involves sizing of the garment, completing the documentation requirements and taking pictures for before & after comparison.
Except in rare cases, it is possible to go home on the same day of the liposuction surgery. The swelling usually subsides within 3-4 weeks, but you should expect soreness and bruising.
The surgeon may require you to wear a compression garment for 1-2 months in order to control the swelling and to facilitate easy fluid drain.
Antibiotics may also be prescribed to avoid any infections. It’s possible to get back to your normal routine within 1-week post-surgery, but this may vary as each person is different.
Your new and improved body contour will appear once the swelling and fluid retention has completely subsided.